Angela Simalcsik, Vasilica-Monica Groza. The medieval cemetery from Lozova. 2014 archaeological campaign. Anthropological report

The osteological remains we will refer to were excavated in 2014 from the medieval site at Lozova–La hotar cu Vornicenii (Străşeni County, Republic of Moldova). A number of 25 funerary complexes have been excavated, containing 26 individuals (nine males, eight females and nine of undetermined sex). The deceased were buried according to the traditional Christian ritual – head to the west, watching eastwards, stretched on the back, with stretched legs and arms bent at the elbows, with the hands on the chest, abdomen or shoulders. According to the grave goods, in the absence of coins, the use period of the cemetery was estimated between the middle of the 14th and the 15th century. The cemetery belonged to a Christian community. The conservation state of the skeletons is satisfactory. Of the 26 individuals, nine did not go over the age of 14. Only one individual falls into the 14-20 years category. The other 16 subjects (eight males and eight females) lived after the age of 20. The sex ratio (the masculinity index) of this osteological series is slightly above 1. Life expectancy at birth is 31.9 years, and after the age of 20 goes down to 25.3 for both sexes.

Keywords: Medieval necropolis, Lozova, XIVth-XVth centuries, anthropological data.

Revista Arheologică, serie nouă, vol. XI, nr. 1-2, 2015, p. 303-322